No matter your political position, there is no question that the United States cannot stay in Afghanistan indefinitely. As the transition continues, it has become apparent that the Taliban is going to have to be part of any legitimate government in Afghanistan. Therefore, concessions will have to be made to reach core guiding principles that can be agreed upon by all factions including the group that aided and succored Osama bin Laden. There is no question that this realization is going to be detrimental to women in the country.
Time recently released an abbreviated version of an upcoming cover feature story focused on this horrible issue.
In June, Afghan President Hamid Karzai established a peace council tasked with exploring negotiations with the Taliban. A month later, Tom Malinowski from Human Rights Watch met Karzai. During their conversation, Karzai mused on the cost of the conflict in human lives and wondered aloud if he had any right to talk about human rights when so many were dying. “He essentially asked me,” says Malinowski, “What is more important, protecting the right of a girl to go to school or saving her life?” How Karzai and his international allies answer that question will have far-reaching consequences, not only for Afghanistan’s women, but the country as a whole.
The question of life versus quality of life is disturbing. Is a woman in Afghanistan better off being alive …
… and oppressed in ways that I cannot fathom if it means some facsimile of peace in a country that has long been characterized by war?
18-year-old Aisha might have something to say about that … if anyone was willing to listen. She is the girl in the picture above, the victim of a vicious, violent, and deplorable attack that was condoned by a judge with Taliban ties.
The Taliban pounded on the door just before midnight, demanding that Aisha, 18, be punished for running away from her husband’s house. Her in-laws treated her like a slave, Aisha pleaded. They beat her. If she hadn’t run away, she would have died. Her judge, a local Taliban commander, was unmoved. Aisha’s brother-in-law held her down while her husband pulled out a knife. First he sliced off her ears. Then he started on her nose.
This didn’t happen 10 years ago, when the Taliban ruled Afghanistan. It happened last year. Now hidden in a secret women’s shelter in Kabul, Aisha listens obsessively to the news. Talk that the Afghan government is considering some kind of political accommodation with the Taliban frightens her. “They are the people that did this to me,” she says, touching her damaged face. “How can we reconcile with them?”
If this sort of thing happened to Aisha (and, presumably, many other girls) while under U.S. protection, how commonplace would this be should the Taliban return to power?
And inclusion of the Taliban in any new Afghani government is apparently inevitable.
As the war in Afghanistan enters its ninth year, the need for an exit strategy weighs on the minds of U.S. policymakers. Such an outcome, it is assumed, would involve reconciliation with the Taliban. But Afghan women fear that in the quest for a quick peace, their progress may be sidelined. “Women’s rights must not be the sacrifice by which peace is achieved,” says parliamentarian Fawzia Koofi.
Yet that may be where negotiations are heading. The Taliban will be advocating a version of an Afghan state in line with their own conservative views, particularly on the issue of women’s rights.
Already there is a growing acceptance that some concessions to the Taliban are inevitable if there is to be genuine reconciliation. “You have to be realistic,” says a diplomat in Kabul. “We are not going to be sending troops and spending money forever. There will have to be a compromise, and sacrifices will have to be made.”
It is sometimes hard for me to fully understand the differences in cultures, religions, and countries in general. On the one hand, I make every effort to look at things with an open mind and try to appreciate the millions of varied strings that make up the mosaic of humanity. However, there are some things that just violate all norms of humanity.
Take another look at Aisha’s face. Her husband cut off her ears and nose with a freaking knife. Cut them the fuck off. And this was government-sanctioned. I’m not trying to force my views on anyone or think that my beliefs are the be all end all, but this is just unspeakable.
Refugees like Mozhdah Jamalzadah, who had been living in Canada, have already found that the potential exit of international forces does not bode well.
[Jamalzadah] recently returned home to launch an Oprah-style talk show in which she has been able to subtly introduce questions of women’s rights without provoking the ire of religious conservatives. On a recent episode, a male guest told a joke about a foreign human-rights team in Afghanistan. In the cities, the team noticed that women walked six paces behind their husbands. But in rural Helmand, where the Taliban is strongest, they saw a woman six steps ahead. The foreigners rushed to congratulate the husband on his enlightenment — only to be told that he stuck his wife in front because they were walking through a minefield. As the audience roared with laughter, Jamalzadah reflected that it may take about 10 to 15 years before Afghan women can truly walk alongside men. But once they do, she believes, all Afghans will benefit. “When we talk about women’s rights,” Jamalzadah says, “we are talking about things that are important to men as well — men who want to see Afghanistan move forward. If you sacrifice women to make peace, you are also sacrificing the men who support them and abandoning the country to the fundamentalists that caused all the problems in the first place.”
I am well aware of the cost of continued U.S. presence in Afghanistan, both in terms of American lives lost and almost unspeakable financial drain in a struggling economy. However, I will be haunted by Aisha’s face for as long as I live.
Is there any way out of this horrible war without making women’s rights in Afghanistan the most long-lasting casualty of all?